A post-1982 Lincoln-faced cent weights 2.5 grammes. Thus, 100 of these coins have a 25-gram weight. That weighs about.55 pounds or 8.8 ounces. However, current Union Shield-backed pennies and coins struck between 1909 and 1982 both weigh 3.11 grammes. For 100, that works out to approximately 11 ounces or.68 pounds.
The 1943 wheat pennies are the lone exception to this rule. They each weigh 2.7 ounces. 100 of those weigh 9.5 ounces, or.59 pounds.
Types of Pennies
The two types of pennies currently being produced are the
Union Shield and the Lincoln Penny. The latter is made of copper-plated zinc, whereas the former is made of brass (95 percent copper, 5 percent zinc) (97.5 percent zinc, 2.5 percent copper). Prior to that, starting in 1944, pennies were made primarily of copper and weighed.11 ounces (3.11 grammes).
The first pennies were manufactured in 1793, and they were made entirely of copper and weighed.475 ounces, or 13.48 grammes. From 1795 through 1857, these pennies were quickly reduced in weight to 10.89 grammes, or.384 ounces. Pennies were given a 12 percent copper coating between 1856 and 1864, adding 4.67 grammes or.164 ounces to their weight. From 1864 through 1942, pennies measured 3.11 grammes or.11 ounces and were constructed of 95 percent copper, 5 percent zinc, and 1 percent tin. In order to free up copper for the war effort, 1943 pennies were fashioned of zinc-coated steel.
Although there are additional varieties of pennies, these are the most typical.
An Example of a Penny
The copper used to make pennies becomes more valuable than the coin itself as copper prices rise. A pre-1982 penny’s copper content is currently worth roughly 1.7 cents, which is 70% more than what the US government estimates it to be worth.
With zinc, things are different. A post-1982 cent only contains worth of zinc. in 2019 it was 6 cents.
Machines that press pennies into fun shapes are commonplace at theme parks and other tourist destinations. These elongated coins are collected by some people, who often favour pre-1982 copper cents over copper-plated zinc pennies. This is because zinc pennies need special care while cleaning, and the coin press frequently scratches the copper plating, exposing the zinc beneath. Other coin collectors, however, like their coins to be pressed the same year they are produced.
Pennies with Errors Are Priceless
Mistakes made at the mint led to the creation of many unusual coins. While steel with a zinc coating made up the majority of 1943’s pennies,
A handful of them unintentionally contained copper. Collectors now own only 15 to 20, though there may be more. These coins frequently sell for between $150,000 and $200,000.
Pennies with letters that are too close together or too far apart, or coins that have one side printed more than once, resulting in a somewhat deformed appearance, are two other instances. These are referred to as double die pennies.
The Priceless Penny
The most priceless penny was created as a prototype before being made available to the general American population. One of these coins, sometimes known as the Birch cent, fetched $2.6 million at auction in 2015. That represents the highest penny expenditure ever.