According to History.com, the major premise of the Gettysburg Address is that those who perished on the battlefield of Gettysburg sacrificed their lives to maintain the Declaration of Independence’s ideas of human equality and self-government. Lincoln said that the Union’s existence hinged on finishing the work begun by the buried troops and ushering in a new era of liberty.
Both sides suffered tremendous fatalities during the Battle of Gettysburg, which took place from July 1 to July 3, 1863. The Union forces suffered 23,000 casualties, while the Confederates suffered 28,000 casualties. The Confederates were eventually forced to withdraw. Many Union soldiers were buried in hastily dug graves, but a national cemetery was later established on the battlefield. President Abraham Lincoln did not speak during the ceremony. Edward Everett, a well-known orator, gave a two-hour speech on the significance of the conflict. Following that, Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, which was only 272 words long and took less than two minutes to deliver.
Both speeches were reprinted in national publications the day following the dedication event. Lincoln’s statements were deemed improper and inadequate for the occasion by Democratic media, while Republicans acclaimed the speech as a masterpiece. It is the most memorised and referenced speech in American history, according to History.com.