A complex institution is any type of governmental structure that regulates the behaviour of those in its immediate vicinity. The institution runs on a set of behavioural standards that are implemented by a person or group of persons who are in charge of penalising those who break them. A government is one of the most common examples of complex institutions.
Developed people groupings are more likely to have complex institutions. A society must have specialisation of work and a ruling hierarchy in which the leaders are treated and perceived differently than the common people in order to be termed a complex institution.
The President and other members of the Executive branch of government, as well as the Legislative and Judicial branches, make up the United States’ governing body. The legislative branch of government produces laws that the people must obey. Judges and law enforcement officials in the Judicial branch verify that laws are obeyed correctly and issue punishments when they are broken, which no other branch is authorised to do.
Governing bodies are always mentioned in discussions about complicated organisations. Cultural norms controlled behaviour in certain ancient civilizations without being imposed by a monarch or governing body. Complex institutions emerged as a manner of controlling and regulating these cultural habits in a way that was thought proper for each civilisation.