What Is the Charge on the Strontium Ion?

The charge of a strontium ion is +2. The charge of an ion is determined by the ratio of the number of electrons to the number of protons, so an ion with a charge of +2 has two more protons than electrons.

An ion of strontium contains 38 protons and 36 electrons, whereas an uncharged, nonionic strontium atom contains 38 electrons and 38 protons. A cation is an ion with fewer electrons than protons, for in the strontium ion. A strontium ion is a monatomic ion, which means that it consists of a single atom.


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