Tokyo is situated at 35 degrees 41 minutes north latitude and 139 degrees 41 minutes east longitude. Sapporo is located at 43 degrees 3 minutes north latitude and 141 degrees 21 minutes east longitude.
Absolute position is determined by the longitude and latitude coordinates, which are given in degrees, minutes, and seconds. Japan is situated in East Asia, surrounded by the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, and Pacific Ocean. On the Asian continent, North Korea, South Korea, China, and Russia are directly across the Sea of Japan.