Most people regard a relative humidity level of 45 to 55 percent to be pleasant. The amount of humidity varies from place to place and from season to season. Because high or low relative humidity levels can have detrimental impacts on your health, it is crucial to be aware of the humidity levels both outside and inside your home.
The amount of water vapour in the air around us is measured by humidity levels. Absolute humidity and relative humidity are the two methods used to measure humidity. While relative humidity calculates the difference between the absolute humidity level and the maximum absolute humidity level that may be achieved at the current temperature, absolute humidity simply measures the amount of water vapour in the air. More water vapour can be held by warmer air than by cooler air.
The relative humidity level rises toward 100 percent as more and more water vapour gathers in the atmosphere. When a cloud starts to rain, the humidity inside the cloud has reached 100%, and the air needs to release the extra moisture in the form of rain.
A ground level humidity of 100 percent may also indicate that rain is expected. However, it’s not always the case that rain at ground level indicates a 100% humidity level.
While many people believe that temperature is the main factor that affects their level of comfort, relative humidity levels can also have a big impact on how we feel. Children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to the dangers of high relative humidity when combined with high temperatures since the body has a harder difficulty cooling off in these conditions.
Humans perspire in hot weather to keep our bodies from overheating, and more water vapour in the air can prevent sweat from evaporating off of our skin, keeping us at a high body temperature.
Low relative humidity levels can produce similar effects to high humidity levels, giving the impression that the air is cooler than it actually is. Health problems may also be triggered by low relative humidity.
The air feels dry in the winter because cold winter air can store substantially less water vapour than warmer air. Low relative humidity and chilly air can contribute to respiratory issues, dehydration, dry and itchy skin, and a greater propensity for colds and other ailments.
Both high and low humidity can have an impact on the environment in your house. There is a greater probability of mould forming in your home if the interior humidity is greater than 45 to 55 percent throughout the summer.
There is a higher probability of fungi growing in the structure of the house and wood floors or surfaces contracting and warping if the relative humidity in your home is low during the winter.
Use a humidifier in the winter when the humidity is low to maintain a suitable level of humidity throughout your home. Along with placing water-filled pots next to your heat ducts, living indoor plants can also aid in increasing the humidity of a home.
If your home’s relative humidity is high during the summer, you might want to use a dehumidifier, air conditioning, or exhaust fans to reduce the humidity to a range between 45 and 55 percent.