What Does the Number 14 Mean in the Bible?

The number 14 has a double meaning in the Bible. It alludes to the traditional Jewish numerological importance of the name David. It also alludes to the number seven, which, according to traditional Jewish numerology, represents spiritual completion. Due to the fact that 14 is twice seven, its use implies a doubling of that quality.

The total value of the name David is calculated by summing the values of the name’s three consonants. The value of dalet is 4, while that of vav is 6. Therefore, dalet+vav+dalet = 4+6+4 = 14.

The number 14 appears only once in the Bible in a significant context. In the first chapter of Matthew’s gospel, the author splits Jesus’ genealogy into three groups of 14 generations. The first group extends from Abraham to David, the second from David to Josiah, who was alive during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews, and the third from Josiah to Joseph.

As the number three represents God’s actions in ancient Jewish numerology, the division of Jewish history into three distinct periods suggests that everything that occurred was part of God’s plan, which, according to the number 14, will result in a double measure of spiritual perfection for his people.

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