What Does “conclusion” Mean in Science?

According to licenced math and science instructor Patricia McNerney, a conclusion is the concluding step in the basic scientific method, in which scientists declare if the hypothesis was validated. The conclusion is a single assertion supported by data analysis that either confirms or refutes the hypothesis. The conclusions may necessitate more research by other scientists who reexamine the original experiment.

Even if a scientist concludes in the conclusion that the hypothesis is in some manner erroneous, other scientists may modify the original experiment based on the data and analysis. The Utah State Office of Education argues that the scientific method is effective when other scientists explore fresh hypotheses and experiments in order to gain knowledge.

The conclusion is the final step in the scientific method in a single experiment, according to About.com’s biology expert Regina Bailey. It is posted after the results. The first step in the scientific method is to make an observation, which is followed by a question, a statement of a hypothesis, an experiment, a listing of the results, and a statement of a conclusion. Observing differences between a control group and an experimental group to collect data is one of the experiment’s additional steps. Before scientists reach a conclusion about an experiment, they frequently plot the results in charts or graphs to make them more comprehensible.


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