The Treaty of Versailles has three weaknesses: Italy and Japan’s resentment of the treaty because they wanted a bigger reward for fighting alongside the Allied Powers during World War I; President Wilson’s failure to win congressional support; and the United States’ inability to ratify the treaty due to its lack of a standing army within the League of Nations. Nevertheless, the Treaty of Versailles had merits in that it granted Hungary, Poland, and Czechoslovakia independence.
Through the League of Nations, a global institution established to maintain peace, the Treaty of Versailles also contributed to bringing peace to Europe. Additionally, it recognised nations as distinct legal entities rather than as subjects of other nations or as components of bigger empires.
Between January and June of 1919, talks in Paris led to the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. With minimal assistance from the Germans, it was written by the nations of the Allies.
The completed treaty included 440 articles in 15 parts. The first section forbade Germany from participating until 1926 and established the New League of Nations. Germany’s borders were specified in the second article of the Treaty of Versailles, a demilitarised zone was established in the third, the colonies were taken away in the fourth, the armed forces were reduced in the fifth, certain weapons were prohibited in the sixth, Germany’s liability was established in the sixth, and other financial obligations were imposed on Germany in the seventh.