Islands, hills, mountains, and volcanoes are the most important types of land in Greece. Greece has almost 1,500 islands, and some of them have volcanoes that are no longer active.
Most of the Greek mainland is made up of rolling hills and rough mountains. Mount Olympus, at 9,570 feet, is the tallest mountain in the country. In Greek mythology, it is the home of the gods and the centre of the world. The Rhodope Mountains run along Greece’s northern border and the Pindus Mountains run south through the middle of the country. Most of the country’s lumber comes from the forests in these mountains.
The Pindus Mountains are on one side of the Vikos Gorge, which goes as deep as 3,600 feet. There are also many rivers and lakes in this mountain range. The Trichonis, Volvi, and Vegoritis lakes and the Acheloos, Pinios, Aliacmon, and Acheloos rivers are the country’s biggest bodies of water.
The Corinth Canal separates the Peloponnese Peninsula from the rest of Greece, which is to the south of the mainland. On this peninsula, you can find both Sparta and Corinth. Crete is one of the largest islands. It is in the south of Greece, across the Sea of Crete from the rest of the country. The Cyclades and Dodecanese Islands are to the southeast of the mainland, and the Aegean Islands and Sporades are to the east. The Ionian Islands are to the west of the mainland.