Includes ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, nitrocellulose, propyl acetate, and tosylamide/formaldehyde resin. Isopropyl alcohol, trimethyl pentanyl diisobutyrate, triphenyl phosphate, ethyl tosylamide, and camphor are other components.
Both ethyl acetate and butyl acetate are commonly found solvents in nail polish and other nail care products. Alone, the two compounds are transparent and smell delicious. Similar to ethyl acetate, propyl acetate possesses a pear-like odour. Nitrocellulose helps nail polish adhere to the nail and produce a film. Nitrocellulose gives nail polish durability, hardness, and solubility.
Manufacturers of nail polish add tosylamide/formaldehyde resin to modify the nitrocellulose so that it is both shiny and durable. Additionally, the inclusion of tosylamide/formaldehyde resin makes the veneer less brittle. Trimethyl pentanyl diisobutyrate and ethyl tosylamide are similar additives in that they provide polymers in nail polish with flexibility.
Triphenyl phosphate is a crystalline substance that is added to nail polish to strengthen its adhesion to the nail and increase its flexibility and durability. Camphor is also a solid crystal. It is added to polish to soften the synthetic polymers.
Isopropyl alcohol is an alcohol that evaporates rapidly. It lessens the polish’s consistency and minimises its inclination to foam when shaken.