According to widely accepted definitions of fascism, there are no fascist countries in the world today. There are several nations where major, active fascist or neo-fascist movements have some political representation. The administrations of Syria, Bulgaria, Armenia, Venezuela, Bolivia, France, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Ukraine, the Netherlands, and Hungary contain fascist elements and philosophies.
In 2014, the Front National in France and the Danish People’s Party in Denmark each got over 25 percent of the vote in their respective countries, thereby electing a number of members to the European Parliament. The fascist groups Golden Dawn and Jobbik have significant membership in Greece and Hungary, respectively. Many believe the dictatorship of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to be fascist due to its emphasis on protecting the state from internal and external opponents and its widespread use of violence against its own populace.
There are many different definitions of fascism, but they all incorporate at least four core principles. Fascism places absolute authority in the hands of the state, with the state taking precedence over people. Fascism is characterised by the use of force as a display of might. For the establishment of a fascist regime, a strong and rigid social hierarchy is essential. Further defining fascism is the presence of an authoritarian leader. Fascist movements are inherently nationalist and right-wing.