Coastal plains are flat, low-lying areas of land bordered on one side by a body of water and on the other by a landform. National Geographic reports that a coastal plain can form either as a continental shelf or when water currents transport sedimentary materials through time.
According to OpposingViews.com, coastal plains are located near an ocean, river, or lake and are separated from the inner area by a mountain or hilly range. The fall line of a coastal plain is the inland limit where it meets the adjacent landform and forms waterfalls or rapids as a result of sediment erosion. The EPA adds that as the coastal plain areas are either slightly above or below water, the majority of these places are wetland habitats that are vital to the survival of numerous species. According to OpposingViews.com, coastal plains are typically densely forested and serve vital economic benefits to neighbouring regions. From New York to Florida, the Atlantic coastal plain dips towards the Atlantic Ocean and provides a resource for lumber and fishing. From southern Florida to Mexico, the Gulf Coastal Plain spans. Israel’s coastal plain borders the Mediterranean Sea and is an important agricultural region due to its fertile terrain.