Passive listening is exemplified when a person is conversing with another, but the other person hears the words as background noise and does not actively engage in the listening process. Passive listening differs from active listening, which may involve concentrating on the speaker’s words in order to comprehend them.
Both passive and active listening play a significant part in communication and language acquisition. If a person listens intently, he may identify words he already knows and those he needs to look up, which makes it easier for him to learn languages. Passive listeners do not learn a language as rapidly as active listeners because passive listeners shut out the meaning of the uttered words and allow themselves to think of other things while listening.
Practice active listening practises daily to prevent being a passive listener. Focus on the speaker and keep eye contact. If you do not comprehend what is being said, ask clarifying questions and repeat the material if necessary. Employ empathy when listening, and use only acceptable facial expressions and gestures, such as nodding in agreement or shaking the head to indicate disagreement.