At a young age, children are taught about the planets of the solar system. They usually memorise the planets’ order by reciting an entertaining rhyme. “My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas” was one of the most famous rhymes for years. After Pluto was categorised as a dwarf planet and removed off the list of recognised planets in 2006, the phrase was changed to “My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos.”
While the image of a tasty dinner may be enticing and memorable, there are a plethora of alternative rhymes that may be used to teach children the sequence of the planets. There are a variety of mnemonic phrases that can be effective as well. But which ones are the most effective in aiding in comprehensive memorization? Examine the following examples and lesson plans to assist youngsters in remembering all of the planets.
Planets in Order of Ascension From the Sun
The planets in our solar system excite both youngsters and adults. Every planet is different and has its own set of traits. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are in sequence from closest to farthest from the Sun. Pluto was listed after Neptune in the list of planets until it was removed by the International Astronomical Union in 2006.
Because they have rocky surfaces, the inner four planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) are categorised as “terrestrial planets.” The asteroid belt, an area of solid asteroids in the solar system lying between Mars and Jupiter, separates them.
The inner planets differ from the outer four planets, which are known as “gas planets” because they are made up of hydrogen, helium, and ammonia gases. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are the outer four planets. While both Jupiter and Saturn are gas giants, Uranus and Neptune are referred to as “ice giants” because they have more atmospheric water and ice-forming chemicals — such as methane, hydrogen sulphide, and phosphene — than other planets.
Planetary Basic Characteristics
While knowing the order of the planets is crucial, knowing some basic facts and features of each planet is also beneficial. Students can benefit from learning this content since it can help them appreciate the distinctions and reinforce scientific principles. The following are some general facts about planets that children can learn:
Mercury is the nearest planet to the Sun, and its orbital round takes only 88 Earth days to complete. It is also the smallest planet in the solar system (just slightly larger than Earth’s moon), and its night and day temperatures are extreme.
Venus, sometimes known as Earth’s twin, is a planet with mountains and volcanoes that is almost the same size as Earth. It takes 225 Earth days to complete one orbit. Because of sulfuric acid clouds, the planet has a thick, toxic atmosphere, making it a greenhouse planet. In contrast to most other planets in the solar system, Venus rotates from east to west.
Earth is a water world, making it suited for human life. It is the only known habitable planet in the solar system. It’s the world we call home.
Mars is known as “The Red Planet” because of its desert-like landscape. Mars’ dust is made mostly of iron oxides, which give the planet its distinctive red colour. It takes 687 Earth days to complete one orbit. Because Mars resembles Earth in terms of geography (mountains, valleys, and canyons), scientists believe it could one day support human life. Scientists uncovered evidence of a liquid lake on the planet’s surface in July 2018.
Jupiter is the solar system’s largest planet, a gaseous giant that is more than twice the size of the other planets combined. The planet includes swirling clouds, notably the renowned Great Red Spot, due to its 11-year orbital cycle. Finally, Jupiter has 75 spinning moons, giving it the appearance of being a separate solar system.
Saturn: Saturn is the ringed planet. These rings are made up of ice and rock, which distinguishes the planet from others. Saturn’s orbital revolution takes 29 Earth years to complete.
Uranus is another one-of-a-kind planet that, like Venus, rotates from east to west. The orbital rotation of the planet takes 84 Earth years. Uranus orbits on its side because the equator is at right angles to the planet’s orbit. Another planet is thought to have crashed with Uranus, forcing it to tilt.
The planet Neptune is notorious for its severe windstorms. Neptune was the only planet identified using astronomical mathematics before it was observed by telescopes and satellites, with an orbital rotation of 165 Earth years.
The planets are intriguing, and with the help of entertaining rhymes and sayings, they may be remembered easily. Which ones should you utilise as a starting point?
There are a variety of rhymes that can be used to teach people the order of the planets. Children can learn to recite a rhyme to memorise the planets in sequence, for example:
Mercury is the planet that is nearest to the Sun.
Hot, hot, hot The second planet is Venus.
The third place goes to Earth, which isn’t too hot.
Freezing An astronaut is needed on Mars.
Jupiter is the largest of the planets.
Saturn is the sixth planet, and its rings are the most beautiful.
Uranus and Neptune are massive gaseous planets.
Pluto is the tiniest of all the planets.
Other rhymes teach the order of the planets using mnemonics (letter patterns that help with remembering) and acronyms. “My (Mercury) Very (Venus) Educated (Earth) Mother (Mars) Just (Jupiter) Served (Saturn) Us (Uranus) Nine (Neptune) Pizzas (Pluto),” for example. The first letter of each planet’s name is used, but the names of the planets are replaced with common terms that children can understand. “Many Very Elderly Monsters Just Snooze Under Newspapers,” “My Vicious Earthworm Might Just Swallow Us Now,” and “Mother Veronica Enjoyed My Jam Under Neptune” are examples of similar mnemonic schemes. Just keep in mind that each syllable in the rhyme or phrase begins with the first letter of each planet in alphabetical sequence. Teach a child that they can’t put a Mars chocolate bar next to the Sun if they’re having difficulties remembering which “M” planet is first in the solar system. Mercury is first because it would melt.
Listening to planet songs, using visual representations of the planets or flashcards, making a three-dimensional model of the solar system, and asking youngsters to design their own mnemonic devices and rhymes for the planets are all ways to remember the sequence of the planets.
These suggestions are a good place to start for kids who want to learn the order of the planets at a young age and remember it as they get older. They’re also memorable phrases that will stick with individuals of all ages for a long time.