Is CH3OH an Acid or a Base?

Methanol’s molecular formula is CH3OH. It behaves as a very weak acid in comparison to neutral water. It is an industrial alcohol and is not intended for human consumption. Methanol consumption can result in blindness.

The pKa of CH3OH is more than 15. This constant determines the concentration of acidic or basic ions in a solution. The presence of the CH3 functional group contributes to methanol’s weak acidity. The presence of the OH group can trigger the release of OH negative ions in a water solution. This affords it the characteristics of a base. Therefore, CH3OH is an alcohol with weak acidic and basic characteristics.

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