The number of working days per calendar year varies by year and the day of the week on which public holidays occur. The range of annual workdays is between 260 and 262.
The General Accounting Office conducted a study on American work days in 1981. It analysed the amount of working days per year over a 28-year period, the length of time it takes for a calendar to recur. 17 out of 28 years had 261 working days. Seven years contained 260 work days, whereas four contained 262 work days. In addition, the study determined that there are roughly 2,087 conventional working hours per year.
National Holidays There are ten federal holidays recognised by the United States. Martin Luther King Jr. Day and New Year’s Day are January holidays. The birthday of George Washington is honoured in February. Memorial Day is observed in May, and July 4 is Independence Day. Labor Day is observed in September, while Columbus Day is celebrated in October. In November, federal holidays include Thanksgiving Day and Veterans Day, whereas Christmas is observed in December. In addition to federal offices, many private businesses are also closed during federal holidays. If a holiday falls on the weekend, it is commonly observed the next or previous weekday. If Christmas falls on a Saturday, for instance, businesses typically close on the preceding Friday.
Unofficial Holidays In addition to this core group of government holidays, additional holidays and events may reduce the annual amount of working days. During election years, businesses in Washington, D.C., for instance, are closed on Inauguration Day. Additionally, the United States celebrates Flag Day, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, Halloween, and Earth Day annually. These holidays are not recognised by the federal government, and government offices do not close to observe them. With a Presidential proclamation, the incumbent president may observe holidays with national significance, such as Flag Day. Religions and ethnic groups across the country celebrate additional holidays. Easter is a Christian holiday, Ramadan is observed by Muslims, Buddhists have Vesak Day, Jews observe the High Holy Days, and Diwali is a Hindu celebration. Even though religious holidays are not government holidays, companies may allow employees to take time off to commemorate culturally significant days.
Holiday Pay Companies have the option of compensating employees for time missed due to holidays, just as they have the option of allowing their employees to have certain days off. According to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), employees are only entitled to compensation for hours performed during the year. Employers are therefore not compelled to compensate employees for time not worked during holidays and vacations. Employers determine their own policies on holiday pay, which is handled on a per-business basis. There is an exemption to this provision for federal workers who are covered under the Davis-Bacon and Related Acts. These rules mandate payment for vacation and holiday time. The level of compensation is determined by the categorization of the employee.