There are precisely four US quarts in each US gallon. As its name suggests, a “quart” equals one-fourth of a gallon. The quart holds 2 pints, 4 cups, and 32 ounces of liquid. The US customary system and the British imperial system have a similar naming convention for volume units. Although there are 4 imperial quarts in 1 imperial gallon, the volume quantities are measured differently.
History of US Customary Measurement Units
The US customary unit of measuring, like the British imperial system, is substantially based on the English system. As early as 450 CE, unit measurements such as the inch, foot, and acre were already in use in Anglo-Saxon England.
Intriguingly, the inch (or ynce) was equal to three barleycorns, which approximately corresponds to the present inch. In this time period, foot units were measured in either 12 or 13 inches. After the Norman invasion in 1066, the English system was subject to additional influences. The rod and furlong units were added by the Normans, who had Norse, Frankish, and Gallo-Roman ancestry.
The English system was the standard unit of measurement throughout the entire British Empire, including North American territories. After the American Revolution of 1783, the English system of measurement remained the standard in the colonies. In 1821, John Quincy Adams, then-Secretary of State of the United States, found through an investigation that measures in all 22 states were uniform. Essentially, this statement standardised the US customary units of measurement.
Comparing the US Customary Units and Imperial Measurement Systems
The British imperial system of measurement was formally standardised in 1824, around three years after the United States government declared its customary units to be standardised. Length, area, and distance measurements for the majority of units in both systems, including length, are identical.
However, when it comes to liquid volume units, US customary and imperial units have different measurements, although having the same nomenclature. Here are the differences in fluid capacity measurements between these two metric systems.
Customary US Liquid Measurements
1 US fluid ounce is equivalent to 29.573 millilitres
1 US fl cup = 236.59 ml
1 US fl pint = 473.18 ml
1 US fl quart = 946.36 ml
1 US fl gallon = 3,784 ml
Imperial System Liquid Measures
1 imperial fl oz = 28.413 ml
1 imperial cup = 284.13 ml
1 imperial pint = 568.261 ml
1 imperial quart = 1,130 ml or 1.13 litres
1 imperial gallon = 4,546 mil or 4.546 litres
The United States and the United Kingdom use metric units
The majority of countries have accepted the metric system as their standard for measuring length, distance, mass, area, and volume. In the early 1800s, the British parliament began discussing metrication, and in 1965, a formal government policy for its usage was announced.
Similar efforts to adopt the metric system of measuring were made in the United States in the 1800s and 1970s. Most people in the United States are sluggish to adopt the metric system, in contrast to those in the United Kingdom. However, the United States has effectively accepted the metric system in the sectors of medicine, science, and technology.
Recipe and Kitchen Measurements
Since both US customary and imperial measurements share the same volume unit name, distinguishing between them in recipes can be confusing. Rarely do online recipes utilising ounces or cups indicate whether they are in the US customary or imperial system.
Simple hints might help you determine whether the recipe quantities are in US customary or imperial units. If you see a cup in a recipe, the measurements are likely in US customary units, as cups are rarely used in the imperial system. In contrast, Americans rarely utilise the gill measurement. Consequently, recipes employing this unit are probably written in imperial system units.
Converting Between Systems
The simplest remedy for securing recipes is to have a converter app on your smartphone and a weighing scale with a conversion option in the kitchen. Having measuring cups for US customary, imperial, and metric units in your kitchen will also go a long way toward assisting you with adjusting to the various recipe measurements.