How Did Jumano Homes Look?

Native Americans from the Jumano tribe lived in teepees, stick huts, and pueblos. The Texan Pueblan Jumanos resided in two- and three-story structures fashioned of sizable, baked mud bricks, according to historian R. Edward Moore. The Texas State Historical Society claims that instead of using bricks, the Pueblan Jumanos of New Mexico constructed their pueblos out of sticks and reeds. The Jumanos of the Plains were nomads who dwelt in teepees.

The Pueblan Jumanos, like other Native American tribes residing in pueblos, were farmers and did not usually roam in pursuit of game animals. The sturdy brick pueblos offered warmth on frigid evenings and protection from wild animals. They were high constructions with a system of retractable ladders for access.

Raiders and hostile settlers found it nearly impossible to enter the buildings once the Jumanos dragged their ladders up and inside the pueblos.

According to R. Edward Moore, Jumano women would grind grain and make tortillas while seated outside under huge animal skin awnings during the day. They used earthenware ovens called hornos to cook their food.

These ovens were constructed out of smaller bricks similar to those found in the pueblos itself. Texas Beyond History claims that male Jumanos engaged in game animal hunting. They liked bison better.

a plains Jumanos didn’t establish any long-term settlements. They migrated at least once a season in search of forage plants and game animals and lived in transient tee-pee settlements. In addition to facilitating trade amongst other indigenous tribes in Texas, Oklahoma, and Mississippi, these Jumanos facilitated it, according to R. Edward Moore. Jumano women often stayed in their communities to tend to their families and gather crops. Additionally, they made the baskets that Jumano men used to transport trade goods across Texas and Oklahoma. Jumano traders transported their products with dog teams.

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